Phage defence by deaminase-mediated depletion of deoxynucleotides in bacteria

DciA Helicase Operators Exhibit Diversity across Bacterial Phyla

Despite the fundamental importance of DNA replication for life, this process remains understudied in bacteria outside Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. In particular, most bacteria do not encode the helicase-loading proteins that are essential in E. coli and B. subtilis for DNA replication. Instead, most bacteria encode a DciA homolog that likely constitutes the predominant mechanism of helicase operation in bacteria. However, it is still unknown how DciA structure and function compare across diverse phyla that encode DciA proteins. In this study, we performed computational evolutionary analyses to uncover tremendous diversity among DciA homologs. These studies provide a significant advance in our understanding of an essential component of the bacterial DNA replication machinery.

Novel Internalin P homologs in Listeria ivanovii londoniensis and Listeria seeligeri

Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) is a bacterial pathogen that causes listeriosis in immunocompromised individuals, particularly pregnant women. Several virulence factors support the intracellular lifecycle of Lm and facilitate cell-to-cell spread, …

MolEvolvR: a web-app for characterizing proteins using molecular evolution and phylogeny

Studying proteins through the lens of evolution can help identify conserved features and lineage-specific variants, and potentially, their functions. MolEvolvR ( is a web-app that enables researchers to run a …

The glutathione import system satisfies the Staphylococcus aureus nutrient sulfur requirement and promotes interspecies competition

Sulfur is an indispensable element for proliferation of bacterial pathogens. Prior studies indicated that the human pathogen, Staphylococcus aureus utilizes glutathione (GSH) as a source of nutrient sulfur; however, mechanisms of GSH acquisition are …

Discovery of a predominant and distinct lineage of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Brazilian indigenous population

After nearly a century of vaccination and six decades of drug therapy, tuberculosis (TB) kills more people annually than any other infectious disease. Substantial challenges to disease eradication remain among vulnerable and underserved populations. …

sRNA discovery

Discovering unique pathogenic sRNA in infected hosts

Phage-shock-protein (Psp) Envelope Stress Response: Evolutionary History & Discovery of Novel Players

The Staphylococcus aureus cystine transporters, TcyABC and TcyP, facilitate nutrient sulfur acquisition during infection

Variations on a theme: evolution of the phage-shock-protein system in Actinobacteria