Phage defence by deaminase-mediated depletion of deoxynucleotides in bacteria

DciA Helicase Operators Exhibit Diversity across Bacterial Phyla

Despite the fundamental importance of DNA replication for life, this process remains understudied in bacteria outside Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. In particular, most bacteria do not encode the helicase-loading proteins that are essential in E. coli and B. subtilis for DNA replication. Instead, most bacteria encode a DciA homolog that likely constitutes the predominant mechanism of helicase operation in bacteria. However, it is still unknown how DciA structure and function compare across diverse phyla that encode DciA proteins. In this study, we performed computational evolutionary analyses to uncover tremendous diversity among DciA homologs. These studies provide a significant advance in our understanding of an essential component of the bacterial DNA replication machinery.

Novel Internalin P homologs in Listeria ivanovii londoniensis and Listeria seeligeri

Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) is a bacterial pathogen that causes listeriosis in immunocompromised individuals, particularly pregnant women. Several virulence factors support the intracellular lifecycle of Lm and facilitate cell-to-cell spread, …

MolEvolvR: a web-app for characterizing proteins using molecular evolution and phylogeny

Studying proteins through the lens of evolution can help identify conserved features and lineage-specific variants, and potentially, their functions. MolEvolvR ( is a web-app that enables researchers to run a …

Computational approaches to study molecular pathogenesis and intervention of infectious diseases

MolEvolvR: A webapp for characterizing proteins using molecular evolution and phylogeny

Studying how bacterial pathogenic proteins evolve can help identify lineage-specific and pathogen-specific signatures and variants, and consequently, their functions. We have developed a streamlined computational approach for characterizing the …

Using a computational molecular evolution and phylogeny to study pathogenic proteins

Background: Studying bacterial physiology, adaptation, and pathogenicity through the lens of evolution requires delineating the phylogenetic history of bacterial proteins and genomes. Moreover, delineating this history of proteins is best done at all …

S-layers: the proteinaceous multifunctional armours of Gram-positive pathogens

The glutathione import system satisfies the Staphylococcus aureus nutrient sulfur requirement and promotes interspecies competition

Sulfur is an indispensable element for proliferation of bacterial pathogens. Prior studies indicated that the human pathogen, Staphylococcus aureus utilizes glutathione (GSH) as a source of nutrient sulfur; however, mechanisms of GSH acquisition are …

MolEvolvR: a web-app for molecular evolution and phylogeny

We will discuss the alpha version of their new easy-to-use interactive webapp: MolEvolvR, for characterizing proteins using molecular evolution and phylogeny. We will begin by demonstrating the power of MolEvolvR using the panbacterial stress response system, PSP (phage shock protein), as an example. Then, we will anyone can use this app to study their protein(s) of interest. PSP app: (bioRxiv 2020) MolEvolvR app: (currently, alpha-version)